The Montessori Methodology
Whole child education: help the child to develop naturally in the family, school and society.
The Teacher as “Guide”
Montessori education addresses the whole child: his physical, social, emotional, and cognitive growth. As well as helping each child become an independent learner, the teacher helps turn his attention outward, fostering community, collaboration and respect for others.
Teachers educated in the Montessori Method bring distinctive skills to the task. Their quiet orchestrations lead to magical moments as young children exclaim "I learned it myself!"
Called a "directress" by Montessori Method founder Dr. Maria Montessori, and sometimes known as a "guide", the Montessori teacher plays many roles as she directs, or guides, her students:
- Skilled Observer:
- Creative Facilitator:
- Character Builder:
Through careful observation, the Montessori teacher comes to know each student’s interests, learning style, and temperament. He understands the student’s developmental needs, and is receptive to her “sensitive periods,” when she is most ready to learn a new concept or skill.
With this information the teacher chooses materials and lessons that will capture the student’s attention and entice her to learn. When he observes that the student has mastered a concept or skill, he introduces new lessons that become increasingly complex and abstract.
She offers encouragement, shares their
triumphs and helps them advance through the curriculum as they
master new skills, so they are continually challenged and eager to
As children progress, the teacher modifies the classroom environment, adjusting the learning materials to meet the students' changing needs.
A Montessori class is a close-knit community, fertile ground for nurturing the qualities that help children become citizens of the world.
By her own behaviour and attitudes, the teacher models values such as empathy, compassion, and acceptance of individual differences. She encourages the students to be courteous and kind. And she brings students together in collaborative activities to foster teamwork, responsibility, self-discipline, and respect.